psychology class 11 chapter 1 explanation

Methods : in different contexts. They (Functionalists) emphasised on what the mind does and the function of consciousness in adjustment to the environment. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Hue: Property of chromatic colours or name of the colours. Students who are preparing for their Class 11 exams must go through NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Psychology Chapter 1 What is Psychology?. – Neuroscience and computer science borrow principles continuously from psychology. • Psychological principles explain crime, criminal behaviour, how well a witness remembers a crime, etc. NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Psychology Chapter 1 What is Psychology? Differentiate between (a) a psychologist and a psychiatrist (b) a counsellor and a clinical psychologist. • The purpose of this approach is to bring the functional way of thinking about biological mechanism such as the immune system into the field of Psychology.

Dweck found that children who had always succeeded because they were given easy problems could not cope up with difficult problems and gave up faster in comparison to those who had experience of both success and failure and were taught to put more effort to deal with difficult problems.Such studies prove that predictions based on empirical studies are reliable and valid. What is behaviour? (i) It evolves continuously and • In short Evolutionary Psychology is focused on how evolution has shaped the mind and (vi) A hypothesis is a tentative solution to a problem that helps in guiding a research or a theory. Answer:  Environmental psychology studies the interaction between natural and man-made environment and human behaviour. • Psyche meaning soul and Logos meaning science or study of a subject. Consciousness: Awareness of the general condition of one’s mind, awareness of particular mental contents, or self-awareness. Clinical psychologist—A clinical psychologist also helps people with behavioural, mental and emotional problems. Stimulus: Any well-defined element in the environment affecting the organism, which may lead to an overt or a covert response. Their actions are not predetermined by any force. Cognitive economy: A term to denote maximum and efficient use of the capacity of long-term memory through organisation of concepts in a hierarchical network. It stated that human strive to grow and unfold their inner potential. Eg. Any behaviour, overt or covert, is associated with or triggered by a stimulus. • Psychology as a discipline not only provide understanding to the development of theoretical knowledge of human behaviour but it has close linkages across Psychological processes. • Psychology is a social science because it studies the behaviour of human beings in their social tests cultural context. behaviour in different contexts.

Commonsense tells us to give them easy problems, first in order to increase their success rate so that their confidence goes up. (iii) However, these mental activities are -different from neural activities, though they are mutually overlapping processes. Answer:  The branch of social psychology is the most suitable for solving problems like crime. 4. It contributes to the growth of other disciplines and draws subject-matter from them as well. He viewed human behaviour as a dynamic manifestation of unconscious desires and conflicts of which we are not aware at present. It contributes to the growth of other disciplines and draws subject-matter from them as well.

Structuralists were interested in analysis of human mind and its structure. 17. In doing so, it uses methods of biological and social sciences to obtain data systematically. are been solved by expert teachers of CBSETuts.com. How can knowledge of the field of environmental psychology be used to promote environment friendly behaviour? (i) Experiences are subjective in nature, different for every individual.

2. • It seeks to identify which human psychological traits are involved in adaptations—that is the functional products of natural selection or sexual selection. • Cognitive Perspective: It focuses on mental processes. It shows the adaptation of human behaviour according to their changing needs. • The goal of research in evolutionary psychology is to discover and understand the design of the human mind.

They used introspective method to study mental processes and experiences. Identify the field and discuss the concerns of the psychologists working in this field. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, CBSE NotesCBSE Notes PsychologyNCERT Solutions Psychology. • Functionalism: It was proposed by William James and Jonh Dewey. Psychologists study how information is used in thinking, reasoning, decision-making, communicating and solving problems. 19. includes all the important topics with detailed explanation that aims to help students to understand the concepts better. 6. possible to study brain processes in real time, i.e, when they are actually taking place. Mind is dynamic and human beings actively construct their minds as they interact with the social and physical environment and interaction between adults and children.

Cognitive Perspective/Cortstructivism: Knowing the environment requires several mental processes, which together are called cognition.

Answer: Psychology is located at the intersection of many fields of knowledge pertaining to human functioning. (v) Mental processes include reasoning, learning, thinking, problem solving, perception, etc. Students who are preparing for their Class 11 exams must go through NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Psychology Chapter 1 What is Psychology?. He used psychoanalysis as a system to understand and cure psychological disorders. The basic psychological processes are parts of a dynamic regulated system. • Humanistic Perspective: It was a revolt against Psychoanalysis and Behaviourism proposed by Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow. • The information processing approach in cognitive Psychology, to explain memory and concept of Artificial intelligence is highly linked with computer sciences. Psychology as a science explains patterns of beha viour which can be predicted and explains behaviour before the act occur common sense. (iv) Experiences are influenced by internal and external conditions of the experiences.

2. Gestalt: An organised whole, Gestalt psychologists emphasise our tendency to integrate pieces of information into meaningful wholes. (A) What it studies : Mental processes, Experiences and Behaviours NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Psychology Chapter 1 What is Psychology? They provide therapy for various mental disorders, anxiety, fear or stress of any type. Jean Piaget and Vygotsky are the pioneers of this approach.

Sociology: The systematic study of the biological basis for social behaviour. Common sense based on hind sight. 3. (iii) It is quantitative and requires analysis. Thus, experiences are imbedded in our awareness or consciousness. Basic Psychology and Applied Psychology. This approach proposed that mentalist concepts such as consciousness, image or mind cannot be measured or studied objectively and scientifically.

• Behaviours: Psychology provides understanding of voting behaviour, exercise of power, opinion polls etc. Answer:  Psychology as a modem discipline has a short history but a long past. Constructivism: Modern cognitive psychology views human beings as actively constructing their minds through their exploration into the physical and the social world. Clinical Psychologist and psychiatrist are different in the qualification and in roles. we give meaning to perception. • Psychology continuously provides knowledge and understanding of human behaviour in different domains.

people are free to do whatever they choose to do. They said that human beings strive to grow and unfold their inner potential i.e.

Question 6. They use interview and administer psychological tests to diagnose the client’s problem. (ii) As a physical science, it emphasizes on data that is systematic and can be studied under controlled conditions. (v) Some do so by making their analysis scientific and objective. The school of psychology That emphasised the utilitarian, adaptive functions of the human mind or consciousness. • Psychology as a science is closely related to other sciences. 18.

1. Neuro psychology: It is the scientific study of behaviour and mental processes as function of brain activity and the nervous system.

Experiences can be defined as the learning acquired through everyday life situation. According to Gestalt Psychology, the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. In terms of helping solve an important social problem such as crime, which branch of psychology do you think is most suitable. These researches and neurological experiments proved that a person suffer from damage of some part of the brain but his mind had remained intact. Humanistic approach: The approach to Psychology that emphasises the person, or the self, and personal growth land development. 6. But, certain difficulties regarding the term mind, its nature and its relationship with the body continued to persist. It views human beings as actively constructing their mind through their exploration into the Physical and Social world. • Structuralism: It was proposed by Wundt and he studied the structure of conscious experiences by introspection. • Popular notions about the discipline of Psychology should be understood.

7.

Answer:  Behaviour refers to any response of an organism that can be measured.

One can feel the heart pounding before taking an examination. • Due to many researches particularly in Neurology the term ‘mind’ has returned in Psychology. Now that you are provided all the necessary information regarding NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Psychology Chapter 1 What is Psychology? This approach was proposed by Dr. Sigmund Freud. (vi) Others seek to explain behaviour from the point of view of those experiencing persons because they think that selectivity is a necessary aspect of human experience. It emerges as a scientific discipline in the following phases:

We are aware of all the outside environment as well as of the processes taking place in ourselves. (iii) Only the experiencing person can be aware or conscious of his/her experiences. • Contemporary psychologists have shown increasing interest in understanding what makes life good and meaningful. He was influenced by Pavlov’s classical conditioning and was interested in the study of learning. and we hope this detailed NCERT Solutions are helpful. Question 8.

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