, The waters of south-west Wales of Gower, Pembrokeshire and Cardigan Bay attract marine animals, including basking sharks, Atlantic grey seals, leatherback turtles, dolphins, porpoises, jellyfish, crabs and lobsters. Es hat ein wechselhaft maritimes Klima und ist eines der feuchtesten Länder Europas.
Wales is known for its shellfish, including cockles, limpet, mussels and periwinkles. Walh itself came from a Celtic tribe, called the Volcae by the Romans.  In the mid-19th century, Roderick Murchison and Adam Sedgwick used their studies of Welsh geology to establish certain principles of stratigraphy and palaeontology. , The BBC National Orchestra of Wales performs in Wales and internationally. , Poor-quality soil in much of Wales is unsuitable for crop-growing so livestock farming has traditionally been the focus of farming. River fish of note include char, eel, salmon, shad, sparling and Arctic char, whilst the gwyniad is unique to Wales, found only in Bala Lake.
The amount of work and investment in the City allowed it grow faster than other Welsh towns and cities, which brought more and more people to Cardiff. Liberalism in Wales, which was introduced in the early 20th century by Lloyd George, was overtaken by the growth of socialism and the Labour Party. Wales wurde angeblich schon vor England und Schottland rechristianisiert.  Birds of prey include the merlin, hen harrier and the red kite, a national symbol of Welsh wildlife. Obwohl die walisischen Fürstentümer vielfach untereinander zerstritten waren, konnten die Eroberer nur Teile des Landes unter ihre Herrschaft bringen.
1831 wurde ein Aufstand in Merthyr Tydfil (Merthyr Tudful) blutig niedergeschlagen. The highest of these is Snowdon (Yr Wyddfa), at 1,085 m (3,560 ft). In the local government, Cardiff is divided into communities.
Wales has a coastline which is 1680 miles long, and the country itself is 20,779 km2 large. An der Südküste ist das Klima dabei aufgrund warmer Meeresströmungen erheblich milder als im Rest des Landes. The Royal Court of Deheubarth [South Wales] sat at Dynevor [Llandeilo in Carmarthenshire] The Royal Court of Powys [mid-Wales] sat at Mathafarn in Montgomeryshire.
 On its creation the Union Jack incorporated the flags of the kingdoms of Scotland, of Ireland and the Cross of St. George which then represented the Kingdom of England and Wales.
By the late 18th century, the popularity of landscape art grew and clients were found in the larger Welsh towns, allowing more Welsh artists to stay in their homeland.  The Church in Wales with 56,000 adherents has the largest attendance of the denominations. These added Wales to England. Code-switching is common in all parts of Wales and is known by various terms, though none is recognised by professional linguists. , Seit 1993 sind die englische und walisische Sprache formal gleichgestellt. This term was later used to refer indiscriminately to inhabitants of the Western Roman Empire. Wales is divided into 22 council areas. That included Cornwall, Walworth, and Walton, as well as things associated with non-Germanic Europeans like walnuts. ", The southern and eastern parts of Great Britain lost to English settlement became known in Welsh as Lloegyr (Modern Welsh Lloegr), which may have referred to the kingdom of Mercia originally and which came to refer to England as a whole. The main road on the coast of South Wales is the M4 motorway. North Wales does not have a capital, as such. Größtenteils hierdurch wurde die Devolution zu einem Hauptanliegen der Labour Party, und 1998 wurde schließlich nach einem Referendum die Nationalversammlung für Wales (seit 6.
 Successive Welsh language acts, in 1942, 1967, 1993, and 2011, have improved the legal status of Welsh.
 "Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau" (English: Land of My Fathers) is the National Anthem of Wales, and is played at events such as football or rugby matches involving the Wales national team as well as the opening of the Senedd and other official occasions. The output from the coalfields continued to increase, with the Rhondda Valley recording a peak of 9.6 million tons of coal extracted in 1913.
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